Difference Between Medical Masks, Nursing Masks, Surgical Masks, and Non-Surgical Masks

Difference Between Medical Masks, Nursing Masks, Surgical Masks, and Non-Surgical Masks?
There are not so many types of masks in hospitals. Generally, they only include disposable medical masks, medical surgical masks and medical protective masks. So, how to distinguish between disposable medical masks, medical surgical masks, and medical protective masks? What does each of them do?

  1. Distinguish from packaging
    Generally, these three types of masks have different technical standards. The “disposable medical mask” is (YY / T0969-2013), the “medical surgical mask” is (YY0469-2011), and the “medical protective mask” is (GB19038-2010) . You can judge which type of mask the product belongs to by looking at the implementation standards marked on the product outer packaging. In addition, the respective names will be written on the packaging.
  2. Mask shape is different:
    Disposable medical masks and medical surgical masks are rectangular in shape, with ear-wearing and strapping. The vast majority of medical protective masks are duck-bill-shaped, which is easier to distinguish.
  3. Performance is different:
    All three types of masks can filter bacteria, but they are different in terms of water resistance and particle filtration efficiency. First of all, disposable medical masks do not have the performance requirements of water resistance and particle filtration efficiency, while medical surgical masks and medical protective masks have requirements. Secondly, the waterproof performance of medical surgical masks is higher than that of medical protective masks, which can prevent doctors from being infected by blood and body fluid sprays generated during surgery.
    Finally, medical protective masks must simultaneously have the main functions of surgical masks, including bacterial filtration efficiency and the function of blocking pressured liquid splashes, and also have respiratory protection functions, which protect the wearer’s breathing safety. And the particle filtering efficiency performance of medical protective masks is higher than that of medical surgical masks.
    What does each of these three masks do?
    First of all, single-use medical masks are only suitable for blocking pollutants exhaled by the operator’s mouth and nasal cavity during general diagnosis and treatment operations, that is, when there is no invasive operation, clinical hospital personnel generally wear such masks at work. It can basically meet the needs of our ordinary people.
    Secondly, medical surgical masks are suitable for wearing during surgery, laser treatment, isolation, and dental or other medical operations, as well as air or droplet-borne diseases or wearing, because of their good waterproof performance and particle filtering efficiency; they mainly meet the needs of surgical operators in hospitals use.
    Medical protective masks have good particle filtering efficiency and can effectively filter viruses, so they are suitable for occupational protection of medical personnel when they are in contact with patients with airborne and droplet-borne diseases or when they are exposed to infectious microorganisms.
    Which mask should I choose for the prevention of this new coronavirus pneumonia?
    In fact, it has been explained from the interview by Academician Zhong Nanshan that for the prevention of this new type of coronavirus pneumonia, only medical surgical masks need to be worn in daily life, and medical protective masks are not necessary. If you are in contact with someone who has been infected with the new coronavirus pneumonia, you need to wear a medical protective mask, such as a N95 mask.

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